Trachoma - a bacterial eye infection found in poor, isolated communities lacking basic hygiene, clean water and sanitation, is the world's leading infectious cause of blindness in the world.The World Health Organization estimates that trachoma is responsible for the blindness or visual impairment of 1.9 million people in 42 countries, with just over 200 million people at risk of trachoma blindness.
The Carter Center, best known for its work on Guinea worm (which is close to elimination), is now focusing on its next miracle - the elimination of blinding trachoma by 2020.[...]
As of last week, there were only 32 remaining cases of wild poliovirus - 16 in Pakistan, 12 in Afghanistan and 4 in Nigeria. We are on the brink of eliminating the second human disease in history (smallpox, in 1980, was the first). [...]